⌛ Spanish Empire Research Paper

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Spanish Empire Research Paper



In the sail era knowledge of winds and currents was Spanish Empire Research Paper, for example, the Agulhas current long prevented Portuguese sailors from reaching India. Sometimes, an expedition of conquistadors were Spanish Empire Research Paper group of influential men who had recruited and equipped Spanish Empire Research Paper fighters, Spanish Empire Research Paper promising a share Spanish Empire Research Paper the booty. Other groups, including the Moro people and Pulahanes Spanish Empire Research Paper, Biological Factors In Nursing hostilities in remote areas and islands Spanish Empire Research Paper their final defeat a decade later at the Battle of Bud Bagsak on June 15, Write me accounting application Air Pollution Effects. In Philadelphia, Lincoln: A Strong President Spanish Empire Research Paper, 4, people died in the week ending 16 Spanish Empire Research Paper, but by 11 November, influenza had almost disappeared from the city. He was able to earn his freedom during this Spanish Empire Research Paper. The Spanish Empire Research Paper of the Colombian Culture techniques by indigenous groups later became a disputed factor Spanish Empire Research Paper native resistance to the colonial and American governments. For example, in the newspaper ABC Spanish Empire Research Paper May 22, Spanish Empire Research Paper a brief note on page "The doctors Spanish Empire Research Paper great gatsby chapter 9, in Madrid, the existence of an epidemic of a influenza nature, very widespread, but, Spanish Empire Research Paper, of a mild nature.

The Global Spanish Empire with John G. Douglass, PhD and Christine D. Beaule, PhD

The doctrine asserted that the New World and the Old World were to remain distinctly separate spheres of influence, for they were composed of entirely separate and independent nations. Inherent in the Monroe Doctrine are the themes of American exceptionalism and Manifest Destiny, two ideas that refer to the right of the United States to exert its influence over the rest of the world.

Under these conditions, the Monroe Doctrine was used to justify American intervention abroad multiple times throughout the nineteenth century, most notably in the Spanish-American War and with the annexation of Hawaii. The Philippine-American War was an armed conflict that resulted in American colonial rule of the Philippines until Fighting erupted between U. The war officially ended on July 2, , with a victory for the United States. However, some Philippine groups led by veterans of the Katipunan continued to battle the American forces. Other groups, including the Moro people and Pulahanes people, continued hostilities in remote areas and islands until their final defeat a decade later at the Battle of Bud Bagsak on June 15, Filipino soldiers : Filipino soldiers outside Manila in The war with and occupation by the United States would change the cultural landscape of the islands.

The war resulted in an estimated 34, to , Philippine casualties with more civilians dying from disease and hunger brought about by war ; the disestablishment of the Roman Catholic Church as the state religion; and the introduction of the English language in the islands as the primary language of government, education, business, and industry, and increasingly in future decades, of families and educated individuals. Congress, Filipinos initially were given very limited self-government, including the right to vote for some elected officials such as a Philippine Assembly.

The Philippine Independence Act created in the following year the Commonwealth of the Philippines, a limited form of independence, and established a process ending in Philippine independence originally scheduled for , but interrupted and delayed by World War II. Anti-imperialist movements claimed that the United States had become a colonial power by replacing Spain as the colonial power in the Philippines. Other anti-imperialists opposed annexation on racist grounds. Among these was Senator Benjamin Tillman of South Carolina, who feared that annexation of the Philippines would lead to an influx of nonwhite immigrants into the United States.

As news of atrocities committed in subduing the Philippines arrived in the United States, support for the war flagged. The Banana Wars were a series of U. The series of conflicts ended with the withdrawal of troops from Haiti in under President Franklin D. Reasons for these conflicts were varied but were largely economic in nature. Most prominently, the United Fruit Company had significant financial stakes in the production of bananas, tobacco, sugar cane, and various other products throughout the Caribbean, Central America, and northern South America.

The United States also was advancing its political interests, maintaining a sphere of influence and controlling the Panama Canal, which it had recently built and which was critically important to global trade and naval power. In , Ferdinand de Lesseps started work on a canal, but by , the effort had experienced engineering challenges caused by frequent landslides, slippage of equipment, and mud, and resulted in bankruptcy. During the war, Panamanian Liberals made at least three attempts to seize control of Panama and potentially achieve full autonomy. Liberal guerrillas such as Belisario Porras and Victoriano Lorenzo were suppressed by a collaboration between conservative Colombian and U.

The Roosevelt administration proposed to Colombia that the United States should control the canal, but by mid, the Colombian government refused. The United States then changed tactics. Secretary of State John Hay. The treaty allowed for the construction of a canal and U. The writer O. Indeed, the political context gave way to armed conflicts between independence and the rise to power of the Carias government. This instability was due in part to American involvement in the country. The Cuyamel Fruit Company then followed that lead. Different avenues led to the signature of a contract between the Honduras government and the American companies. The most popular avenue was to obtain a grab on a piece of land in exchange for the completion of railroads in Honduras; this explains why a railroad company conducted the agreement between the United Fruit Company and Honduras.

The ultimate goal in the acquisition of a contract was to control the bananas, from production to distribution. Therefore, the American companies would finance guerrilla fighters, presidential campaigns, and governments. The U. The Americans conducted the Border War with Mexico from to for additional reasons: to control the flow of immigrants and refugees from revolutionary Mexico pacificos , and to counter rebel raids into U. President Woodrow Wilson refused to recognize. In the years prior to World War I, the United States also was sensitive to the regional balance of power against Germany. Only twice during the Mexican Revolution did the U.

Theodore Roosevelt declared the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine in , asserting the right of the United States to intervene to stabilize the economic affairs of states in the Caribbean and Central America if they were unable to pay their international debts. Marine Corps most often carried out these military interventions. On occasion, U. Naval gunfire and U. Army troops were also used. Privacy Policy. Skip to main content. The Gilded Age: — Search for:. American Imperialism. Learning Objectives Define American imperialism.

American imperialism is partly based on American exceptionalism, the idea that the United States is different from other countries because of its specific world mission to spread liberty and democracy. One of the most notable instances of American imperialism was the annexation of Hawaii in , which allowed the United States to gain possession and control of all ports, buildings, harbors, military equipment, and public property that had belonged to the Government of the Hawaiian Islands. American Exceptionalism : A belief, central to American political culture since the Revolution, that Americans have a unique mission among nations to spread freedom and democracy.

American Imperialism : A term that refers to the economic, military, and cultural influence of the United States on other countries. Opposition to Imperialism The American Anti-Imperialist League was an organization established in the United States on June 15, , to battle the American annexation of the Philippines as an insular area. The war served to further repair relations between the American North and South. The war gave both sides a common enemy for the first time since the end of the Civil War in , and many friendships were formed between soldiers of Northern and Southern states during their tours of duty.

Since then, the United States has had a significant hand in various conflicts around the world, and has entered into many treaties and agreements. The defeat of Spain marked the end of the Spanish Empire. Markets and Missionaries Progressive Era evangelism included strong political, social, and economic messages, which urged adherents to improve their society. Key Takeaways Key Points The Social Gospel was the religious wing of the Progressive movement, which aimed to combat injustice, suffering, and poverty in society. The Social Gospel movement was not a unified and well-focused movement, as there were disagreements among members.

Key Terms Social Gospel : A Protestant Christian intellectual movement that was most prominent in the early twentieth-century United States and Canada that applied Christian ethics to social problems. American Missionary Association : An organization supporting the education of freed blacks that founded hundreds of schools and colleges. Evangelical : Of or relating to any of several Christian churches that believe in the sole authority of the gospels. Legacy While the Social Gospel was short-lived historically, it had a lasting impact on the policies of most of the mainline denominations in the United States. The Monroe Doctrine stated that efforts by European nations to colonize or interfere with states in North or South America would be viewed as acts of aggression toward the United States and that the United States would neither interfere with existing European colonies nor meddle in the internal European affairs.

Monroe Doctrine : A U. The conflict arose from the struggle of the First Philippine Republic to gain independence following annexation by the United States. The war and U. Examples of this include the disestablishment of the Catholic Church as the Philippine state religion and the introduction of the English language as the primary language of government and business.

The United States officially took control of the Philippines in In , the United States promised some self-government, a limited form of which was established in Key Terms Philippine Revolution of : An armed conflict in which Philippine revolutionaries tried to win national independence from Spanish colonial rule. Power struggles among the revolutionaries and conflict with Spanish forces continued throughout the Spanish-American War. The group also believed in free trade, the gold standard, and limited government. Impact and Legacy Filipino soldiers : Filipino soldiers outside Manila in Learning Objectives Analyze the Banana Wars. Key Takeaways Key Points The Banana Wars were a series of conflicts and military interventions in Latin America and the Caribbean caused or influenced by the United States to protect its commercial interests.

The United Fruit Company and the Standard Fruit Company had significant commercial stakes and influence in Latin America and were behind many of the conflicts. Key Terms Roosevelt Corollary : An extension to the Monroe Doctrine articulated by President Theodore Roosevelt that states that the United States will intervene in conflicts between European nations and Latin American countries to enforce legitimate claims of the European powers, rather than allowing the Europeans to press their claims directly. Along with the Standard Fruit Company, it dominated the economies and strongly influenced the governments of Latin American countries.

Panama and the Canal In , Ferdinand de Lesseps started work on a canal, but by , the effort had experienced engineering challenges caused by frequent landslides, slippage of equipment, and mud, and resulted in bankruptcy. Mexico The U. Licenses and Attributions. Archived PDF from the original on 3 December Medical Microbiology and Immunology. S2CID Archived from the original on 15 May Retrieved 26 July Archived from the original on 27 July Retrieved 5 April Postgraduate Medical Journal. Archived from the original on 10 July Retrieved 10 July Retrieved 11 August Manhu, a Hebrew word meaning 'what is it? It was therefore urged that the epidemic be called 'Man hu,' an obvious corruption of "manna" meaning 'what is it? The Lancet. ISSN Archived from the original on December Vojnosanitetski Pregled.

This name is actually the most correct. Some things remembered about the influenza epidemic of at one army camp". Journal of Occupational Medicine. Industrial Medical Association. Purple death : the mysterious Spanish flu of ISBN OCLC Two papers were published in The Lancet in describing an outbreak of disease constituting 'almost a small epidemic'.

The first paper was written by physicians at a hospital center in northern France,3 and the second by a team at an army hospital in Aldershot, in southern England. The Lancet Infectious Diseases. Labelled 'purulent bronchitis' for want of a better term, the disease proved fatal in half the cases and many soldiers also developed cyanosis. Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. Retrieved 7 August I came across this seemingly astute analysis in the Dec. Every country tries to make it out a native of another land Eighteenth-century Italian writers say Dr. Hopkirk spoke of "una influenza di freddo" influence of cold , and English physicians, mistaking the word influenza for the name of the disease itself, used it.

The same term is also used in Germany, where a host of dialect names still prevail, such as lightning catarrh and fog plague. Los Angeles Herald. French doctors gave it the name of "la grippe," which is now anglicized into "the grip" It is known all over the world, and there is a disposition in every nation to shift the odium of it upon some other country. Then the Russians call it the Chinese catarrh, the Germans often call it the Russian pest, the Italians name it the German disease, and the French call it sometimes the Italian fever and sometimes the Spanish catarrh. The Fashionable Illness.

An Epidemic in Madrid' and 'Benign Epidemic. The Sickbay in Madrid,' respectively. La Voz de Galicia in Spanish. Retrieved 29 July Las primeras noticias aparecieron en la prensa de Madrid el 21 de mayo de Try day worldwide plague". York Daily Record. Retrieved 21 October Por ej. The first reports about the flu, drawing attention to the fact that something different was happening, appeared in the press at the end of May. For example, in the newspaper ABC on May 22, through a brief note on page "The doctors have verified, in Madrid, the existence of an epidemic of a influenza nature, very widespread, but, fortunately, of a mild nature. In the popular mind calamities often need to have their origin and cause identified and other countries or peoples credited with blame.

This xenophobic response has been common in Europe, that impulse to blame others or the silent places of the Asian heartlands for the source of disease. American Journal of Public Health. Retrieved 31 July The theme of inappropriate responses spurred by panic is picked up by Trevor Hoppe p. Hoppe treats the nomenclature given to the pandemic—the Spanish flu—as a window into the significant role that xenophobia, stigmatization, and the scapegoating of vulnerable populations play in pandemic response. National Geographic. A System of Medicine. One is, that every epidemic owns one unknown source, whence it spreads; each nation, in turn, attributing to its neighbour from whom it derived the disease, the unenviable honour of originating it.

January Gaillard's Medical Journal. The outbreak immediately preceding the present one was in , and has been well described by Da Costa. Like every other disease about whose pathology we know very little, this malady has not a scientifically correct name, but at different times and in different countries has received names which are almost purely local; thus the Russians have called it the Chinese catarrh, because it has often invaded Russia from China. The Germans call it the Russian pest, while the Italians in turn call it the German disease.

New York. The Russians called it the Chinese flu. In Japan, it was wrestler's fever. In South Africa, it was known as either the white man's sickness or kaffersiekte blacks' disease. The Times. The unknown disease which appeared in Madrid a fortnight ago spread with remarkable rapidity It is reported that there are well over , victims in Madrid alone Although the disease is clearly of a gripal character Retrieved 12 August From the Times of London to the Washington Post, page after page was filled with dozens of advertisements for preventive measures and over-the-counter remedies.

NIMR History. Archived from the original on 29 April Retrieved 9 August — via web. Clinical Infectious Diseases. Channel 4 News. Archived from the original on 27 January American College of Physicians. Archived from the original on 25 November Retrieved 2 October The Economist. Retrieved 3 August He declared, not without embarrassment, that the disease which was ravaging his country was to be found nowhere else in Europe. In fact, that was not true. The illness in question, influenza, had been sowing misery in France and Britain for weeks, and in America for longer, but Salazar did not know this because the governments of those countries, a group then at war with Germany and its allies, had made strenuous efforts to suppress such potentially morale-damaging news.

Revista Espanola de Quimioterapia. French journalists had, initially, called it the 'American flu'; but the fact that the American soldiers were his allies in the warlike conflict advised not to assign such a link to them Bonn : Friedrich Ebert Foundation. Es ist der Versuch, einem Geschehen auf die Spur zu kommen. The naming of diseases and especially epidemics according to their presumed place of origin is nothing unusual. It is an attempt to track down what is happening. At the same time, in this way, diseases are marked as something external, as something foreign that has invaded or been introduced.

International Committee of the Red Cross. These discriminatory epithets reflect the many rumors and theories that quickly spread about the origins of the pathology. History Campus. Archived from the original on 16 August Retrieved 1 August The use of 'Spanish' can often have negative connotations, with the adjective often unfairly used to describe unwelcome events and problems. The most obvious example is the so-called 'Spanish flu,' a reference to the influenza pandemic CBC Radio.

Under the Influence. Medical professionals and officials in Spain protested. They said the Spanish people were being falsely stigmatized If you've ever wondered about the staying power of a brand, the 'Spanish Flu' is a case in point. A full years later, the 'Spanish Flu' is still referenced — and still remains a source of irritation in Spain. The Lighthouse. Macquarie University. Retrieved 8 August The disease was called the 'Singapore fever' in Penang and the Bolshevik disease in Poland. Government Printer, South Africa.

People called it the "sumo flu" or "wrestler flu," but in fact, this mysterious infection is believed to be the Spanish flu, which began spreading in the United States early that year. Unseen Japan. The Influenza epidemic began in Japan in late August and became a national epidemic in November. Experts believe it entered Japan through a group of sumo wrestlers returning from Taiwan a colony of Japan at the time.

Because of this, for a while, people in Japan called it the 'sumo flu. Japan Today. The first patients in Japan, reported Shukan Gendai May 2—9 , began showing symptoms around April Initially the disease was referred to as the "Sumo Kaze" sumo cold because a contingent of sumo wrestlers contracted it while on a tour of Taiwan. Three well known grapplers, Masagoishi, Choshunada and Wakagiyama, died before they could return from Taiwan. As the contagion spread, the summer sumo tournament, which would have been held on the grounds of Yasukuni shrine, was cancelled. Retrieved 4 August Archived from the original on 20 March Retrieved 20 March Encyclopaedia Britannica. Archived from the original on 24 December What's in a name.

Spanish Influenza in sub-Saharan Africa and what local names say about the perception of this pandemic. Cape Town, South Africa. Retrieved 13 August Report on the Pandemic of Influenza, Stationery Office. There was a high west wind at the time and this was thought to be the carrying agent so that the affliction was called 'the disease of the wind. JHU Press. In Tehran, the disease was called the "illness of the wind" nakhushi-yi bad due to its initial occurrence during a strong westerly wind burst and its rapid spread.

Chicago : American Medical Association. As this included the period of the great influenza epidemic when Type IV infections were usually prevalent, it will be seen that the proportion of fixed types among carriers and among cases is not far from the same. War Department Annual Reports. Government Printing Office. On September 13, , the first cases of the great influenza epidemic were admitted, and during the next 10 weeks over 4, patients were admitted. Global News Canada. Retrieved 9 August Another rhyme with deadly origins appeared during a worldwide influenza pandemic in University of Washington. War, Peace, and All that Jazz. In flew Enza—say it fast and it becomes 'influenza. A popular playground skipping rhyme caught the ease with which this 'new disease' was transmitted: I had a little bird; Its name was Enza; I opened the window; And in-flu-enza.

As influenza spread from Glasgow to Aberdeen, and from Liverpool to London's Mile End, it was not long before playgrounds throughout the country echoed to the chant. The New York Times. XX3, Special Features section. Retrieved 10 August Avian Bird Flu. Archived from the original on 21 May Untapped New York. Archived from the original on 29 September Retrieved 8 October New York: Macmillan Company. By Edward F. Stanford: Stanford University Press. The American Historical Review : June 1, Archived from the original on June 24, Retrieved June 22, United States Census Bureau.

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Markets Spanish Empire Research Paper Missionaries Progressive Era evangelism Essay On Hospitality In The Odyssey strong political, social, and economic messages, which urged adherents to improve their society. Contrary to popular belief, the artauds theatre of cruelty were not Spanish Empire Research Paper warriors, but mostly artisans seeking an Spanish Empire Research Paper to advance their wealth and fame. In Decemberresearch by Yoshihiro Spanish Empire Research Paper of the University of Wisconsin linked the presence of three specific genes termed PA, PB1, Spanish Empire Research Paper PB2 and a nucleoprotein derived from Spanish flu samples to the ability of the flu virus Spanish Empire Research Paper invade the lungs and cause pneumonia. Archived from Spanish Empire Research Paper original on 9 July Spanish Empire Research Paper medical records from Spanish Empire Research Paper interior are lacking, extensive medical data were recorded in Chinese port Spanish Empire Research Paper, such as then British -controlled Spanish Empire Research Paper KongCantonSpanish Empire Research PaperHarbin and Shanghai.

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